Friday, June 21, 2024

LATIN AMERICA | 26-09-2018 15:45

Six nations, including Argentina, ask ICC to put Maduro on trial

Trump says 'all options' on the table with Venezuela, refuses to rule out military intervention in troubled nation.

US President Donald Trump hinted Wednesday at a military response to Venezuela, vowing to take action against the leftist-ruled country whose economy has gone into a tailspin, as Argentina and five other nations filed a letter with the International Criminal Court calling on it to launch proceedings against President Nicolás Maduro's administration.

In total, six countries – Argentina, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Paraguay and Peru – called on the ICC to try Maduro for "crimes against humanity."

Foreign Minister Jorge Faurie – one of the six foreign ministers to sign a letter to the ICC – said Maduro's regime was responsible for "arbitrary detentions, assassinations, extrajudicial executions, torture, sexual abuse, rapes, flagrant attacks against due process" – including against minors.

Another of the signatories, Canada's Foreign Minister Chrystia Freeland, described the letter to reporters on the margins of the UN meeting as a multilateral effort to refer the "unspeakable crimes of the Maduro regime" to the ICC for prosecution.

Meanwhile, Colombia's new right-leaning president, Iván Duque, used the UN General Assembly to call for a tougher approach to change the "dictatorship" of Venezuela as he sought international assistance for neighbouring countries to accommodate the migrants.

Trump threat

Trump's threat – immediately denounced by Venezuela as an incitement to a "military uprising" – comes as the United States already piles economic pressure on Maduro's inner circle amid an economic crisis that has led two million Venezuelans to emigrate.

"What's happening in Venezuela is a disgrace," Trump told reporters in New York where he is attending the annual UN General Assembly. "I just want to see Venezuela straightened out. I want the people to be safe. We're going to take care of Venezuela. All options are on the table, every one – strong ones and the less than strong ones – and you know what I mean by strong."

Maduro himself will get to have his say at the General Assembly later this week.

As he boarded a plane in Caracas with his wife Wednesday, he said he was leaving for New York "full of emotion, passion, truths, so that everyone knows that Venezuela is on its feet."

A military option mulled by Trump could entail supporting a coup to oust Maduro rather than a full-fledged invasion by US forces.

His comments follow a report earlier this month in The New York Times that officials from Trump's administration met three times with Venezuelan military officers to discuss plans to oust Maduro.

Earlier in the week, Trump spoke disparagingly about the security situation in Venezuela, saying that he believed Maduro could be toppled "very quickly" by the military. Maduro was apparently targeted by exploding drones during a military parade in Caracas on August 4.

Swift response

Trump's remarks drew a swift reaction from Venezuela, which since the time of Maduro's firebrand predecessor Hugo Chávez has lashed out at the United States over its history of interference in Latin America and has frequently justified policies by alleging that Washington was plotting to oust the leftist government.

"Venezuela expresses its strongest rejection of the warmongering and interventionist statements issued by the president of the United States ... aimed at promoting a military uprising in the country," the Foreign Ministry in Caracas said in a statement.

Caracas said the comments "demonstrated a policy of regime change" promoted by the US government, "with the participation of other Latin American nations."

It also said the comments were not to be taken "in isolation" as they came in a context of "successive threats of military intervention in Venezuela" amid an "increase of the US military presence in the region."

After the US Treasury Department on Tuesday slapped sanctions on his wife, Cilia Adela Flores de Maduro, the Venezuelan leader praised her as a "fierce woman."

"Don't mess with Cilia. Don't mess with family. Don't be cowards!" Maduro fumed during a televised event.

Attending the UN General Assembly session, Venezuelan Foreign Minister Jorge Arreaza charged that Trump was targeting his country to drum up support among exiles ahead of tough congressional elections on November 6 and distract from domestic scandals.

"To attack Venezuela or Cuba is to get votes to win Florida and win Congress in the November elections and then to work on re-election," Arreaza told reporters. "How sad it is to attack countries for electoral reasons!"

Venezuela's economy has gone into free-fall over the past several years as the price of oil, the country's critical export, tumbled and the government printed money to try to maintain spending. The inflation rate is expected to reach one million percent by the end of the year, pushing food, medicine and other necessities out of reach for many Venezuelans.

The country's crude oil production has also slipped markedly. Venezuela has tried to make up for the crisis in part by borrowing some $50 billion the past decade from China, repaying debt through oil shipments.


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