Latin America’s economic recovery faces risks from failure to stop the spread of the coronavirus and the need for new lockdown measures, according to the International Monetary Fund.
The region’s full recuperation is a long way off, IMF officials including Western Hemisphere Director Alejandro Werner wrote in a blog post published Monday. Output won’t return to pre-pandemic levels until 2023, and gross domestic product per capita until 2025, Werner said.
Nations need to be careful to avoid removing fiscal support too soon, a move which could jeopardise sufficient resources for healt care systems and aid for vulnerable sectors, Werner said. Countries with budget room should continue to provide funding and make it more targeted, he said.
Large economies in the region may have underestimated their space for stimulus, given that low borrowing costs are helping contain interest expenses at low levels even as debt to GDP increases, Werner said. Central banks in countries with well-anchored inflation should continue expansionary monetary policy, he said.
Among forecast changes announced on Monday, Colombia’s 2021 growth projection was increased to 4.6 percent from 4 percent, Chile upgraded to 5.8 percent from 4.5 percent and Peru raised to 9 percent from 7.3 percent.
Increases in the forecasts for Brazil to 3.6 percent from 2.8 percent, Mexico to 4.3 percent from 3.5 percent and Latin America overall to 4.1 percent from 3.6 percent were announced in last month’s update of the World Economic Outlook. Argentina saw its projection cut last month to 4.5 percent from 4.9 percent.
The outlook has worsened for Caribbean countries where a vital return of travel and tourism has been much slower than expected. Those nations are forecast to grow just 2.4 percent this year after shrinking 9.8 percent in 2020.
by Eric Martin, Bloomberg