The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet called Monday for "concerted action" to help recover from the worst global deterioration of rights she had seen, highlighting situations in China, Russia and Ethiopia among others.
"To recover from the most wide-reaching and severe cascade of human rights setbacks in our lifetimes, we need a life-changing vision, and concerted action," Bachelet told the opening of the UN Human Rights Council's 47th session.
"Extreme poverty, inequalities and injustice are rising. Democratic and civic space is being eroded," warned the former Chilean president.
The session, which lasts until July 13 and which is being held virtually due to continued Covid-19 restrictions, is due to feature an eagerly anticipated report about systemic racism, and draft resolutions focused on a range of concerning rights situations, including in Myanmar, Belarus and Ethiopia's northern Tigray region.
'Executions, sexual violence'
In her opening address, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights said she was "deeply disturbed" by reports of "serious violations" in Tigray, wracked by war and with some 350,000 people threatened by famine.
She pointed to "extrajudicial executions, arbitrary arrests and detentions, sexual violence against children as well as adults, and forced displacement", and said she had "credible reports" that Eritrean soldiers were still operating in the region.
Other parts of Ethiopia, which was holding elections Monday, were also seeing "alarming incidents of deadly ethnic and inter-communal violence and displacement... linked to increasing polarisation about long-standing grievances," Bachelet said.
"The ongoing deployment of military forces is not a durable solution," she said, calling for national dialogue.
The UN rights chief also pointed to the "chilling impact" of a sweeping national security law introduced in Hong Kong.
The law, which took effect on July 1, 2020, is seen as the speartip of a sweeping crackdown on Beijing's critics in the semi-autonomous city of Hong Kong following 2019's huge democracy protests.
It has criminalised much dissent, given China jurisdiction over some cases and awarded authorities a suite of powerful new investigation powers.
Bachelet warned that "107 people have been arrested under the National Security Law and 57 have been formally charged".
The first trial under the new law is due later this week, in what she said would "be an important test of independence for Hong Kong’s Judiciary."
She also said she hoped to finally be able to visit the Chinese region of Xinjiang in 2021.
"I continue to discuss with China modalities for a visit, including meaningful access, to the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, and hope this can be achieved this year," Bachelet said, pointing out that "reports of serious human rights violations continue to emerge."
The UN rights chief has been facing swelling diplomatic pressure to speak out more forcefully about China's policies in the northwestern region, where the United States has accused Beijing of committing genocide and crimes against humanity against the Uyghurs.
At least one million Uyghurs and other mostly Muslim minorities have been held in camps in the region, according to rights groups who also accuse authorities of imposing forced labour – allegations Beijing vehemently denies.
Dozens of countries, led by Canada, are expected to deliver a joint statement to the council on Tuesday, which will reportedly voice concern about the rights situation in Xinjiang and demand China grant Bachelet and other independent observers unfettered access.
In anticipation of that statement, the Chinese mission in Geneva last week slammed the group for its efforts "to spread disinformation and lies to frame China," and use "human rights as a political too."
Kremlin undermining critical voices
In her address Monday, the UN rights chief also criticised recent measures by the Kremlin shrinking the space for opposing political views and access to participation in upcoming elections.
"I am dismayed by recent measures that further undermine people's right to express critical views, and their ability to take part in the parliamentary elections scheduled in September," she said.
She highlighted the recent moves to dismantle the movement of jailed opposition leader Alexei Navalny.
Barring his organisations from working in the country, a Moscow court earlier this month branded them as "extremist", in a ruling Bachelet said was "based on vaguely-defined allegations of attempting to change the foundations of constitutional order."
Russian President Vladimir Putin has meanwhile signed legislation outlawing staff, members and sponsors of "extremist" groups from running in parliamentary elections.
"I call on Russia to uphold civil and political rights," Bachelet said, insisting "legislation restricting the freedoms of expression, peaceful assembly and association should be brought in line with international human rights norms and standards."
"I further urge the authorities to end the arbitrary practice of labelling ordinary individuals, journalists, and non-governmental organisations as 'extremists', 'foreign agents' or 'undesirable organisations.'"
by Nina Larson, AFP