It was a humbling night in Nizhny Novgorod for the Albiceleste.
Argentina slipped to the brink of a World Cup group-stage exit tonight after Croatia beat defeated them 3-0 to secure their own progress to the last 16.
Second-half goals from Ante Rebic, Luka Modric and Ivan Rakitic sealed a deserved victory as a poor Argentina were left on the brink of a humiliating first round exit.
An absolute howler from Willy Caballero allowed Rebic to give Croatia a 53rd-minute lead, before late goals from Luka Modric and Ivan Rakitic twisted the knife, leaving Lionel Messi and the Albiceleste needing an unlikely series of results to keep their hopes of progressing from Group D alive.
The Group D defeat means Argentina have just one point from two games, meaning they will probably have to beat Nigeria in their last game and hope other results go their way to avoid elimination.
Croatia's win has secured their qualification, with the Europeans currently topping the group table with six points. Argentina has one point after two matches and are in big trouble, especially if Iceland (currently on one point) beat Nigeria (no points) on Friday.
Argentina plays Nigeria on Tuesday, when Croatia plays Iceland. If Iceland defeats Nigeria, and an Iceland-Croatia draw on the group's final day would mean Iceland progress at Argentina's expense.
Real Madrid star Modric – who put in a man-of-the-match performance – then produced an electrifying 80th-minute goal before Messi's Barcelona team-mate Rakitic completed the scoring after Croatia sliced apart Argentina's hapless defence in injury time.
The defeat leaves the Argentinians facing an ignominious repeat of their 2002 campaign when they also went out at the group stage after being tipped as possible World Cup winners.
All the attention after the 3-0 defeat will focus on Argentina and Messi but it was also the result of a fine performance by Croatia.
A curiously lifeless and uninspired Argentine display was capped off by Caballero's mistake when he somehow managed to chip the ball just a few yards to Croatia's Rebic, following a Gabriel Mercado backpass.
Rebic volleyed home with aplomb but veteran Caballero will have nightmares for the rest of his days at his mistake – likely to feature in any list of worst goalkeeping blunders for some time.
And throughout it all Messi, arguably the world's best player, remained a peripheral and largely ponderous figure, briefly flashing to life on too few occasions. The 30-year-old's dream of winning the World Cup with his nation now look remote.
With all the pre-match attention on Messi it was Modric who provided the game's true flashes of genius. The Croatian was the one player to find space and time in a bruising encounter and it was his moment of magic in the second half which settled the encounter.
Picking the ball up some 25 yards outside the area, Modric had the option of at least two passes but chose to bide his time before planting a fantastic shot past a hapless Caballero.
Rakitic added a third when the game was up for the Albiceleste.
They had only threatened briefly before then to equalise with Meza and Messi almost scrambling in a goal in the 64th minute. Beyond that Argentina looked largely clueless, and increasingly frustrated by Croatia.
The national team could have taken the lead in the first half but Enzo Pérez missed pretty much an open goal from just 12 yards in the 30th minute. For some, it would prove to be the match's turning point, yet it was to be Argentina's only shot of the half – and their best chance all evening.