Uruguayan authorities hold off declaring winner after tight run-off
Luis Lacalle Pou holds thin lead over Daniel Martínez of just over 30,000 votes, with more than 97% of all votes tallied. Officials say final result will be announced likely on "Thursday or Friday," given how tight the result is.
Uruguay's run-off hangs on a knife edge, with the winning candidate in Sunday's run-off unlikely to be formally identified until the end of the week.
Conservative candidate Luis Lacalle Pou was closing in on the presidency after a run-off on Sunday, exit polls initially showed, with the Partido Nacional leader set to oust Uruguay's long-dominant leftist Frente Amplio coalition. However, as results trickled in it became clear that ex-Montevideo mayor Daniel Martínez was gaining.
With 97.97 percent of votes counted, Lacalle Pou had won 48.74 percent of the vote, versus 47.48 percent for Martínez. In raw vote terms, the conservative candidate had 1.145 million votes to his rival's 1.115 million.
With the difference between the two candidates down to under 35,000 votes at the time of writing, Uruguay's election authorities said the result would probably be known "Thursday or Friday." Officials will take the next few days to scrutinise ballots, with some analysts expecting Martínez to call for a recount.
Lacalle Pou, a senator, trailed Martínez in last month's first round, but a pact with centre-right and right-wing parties following simultaneous legislative elections gave him a majority in Congress as well as a significant lead heading into the run-off.
A win for the right would "reflect a trend in the region of voters rejecting the incumbent party over disappointing results," said Robert Wood, Latin America specialist with the Economist Intelligence Unit.
With bright and sunny weather, more than 70 percent of the country's 2.6 million eligible voters had cast ballots three hours before the polls were due to close, Electoral Court Chairman José Arocena said.
"We want the Frente to win, because we feel that with the left our rights are guaranteed," said Juan Pablo Abella, 40, as he walked to a polling station in Montevideo's upmarket Villa Biarritz district with his wife and nine-year-old daughter.
Abella said both he and his wife were born under Uruguay's dictatorship and for them, voting was both a right and a duty.
Inflation is running at 7.5 percent and unemployment at nine percent.
Outgoing president Tabaré Vázquez noted the turmoil sweeping Latin America – the resignation of Evo Morales as president of Bolivia, and sometimes violent street protests in Chile and now Colombia – and said Uruguay will carry out a smooth transfer of power to a new president in March of next year.
"The people of Uruguay can rest assured that we are going to achieve this," Vázquez told reporters.
But Lacalle Pou has tapped into voter concerns over the country's high tax rates and promised to look elsewhere to raise the US$900 million needed to reduce the public deficit, nearly five percent of GDP.
Uruguay has long been considered a bastion of peace and stability in an often turbulent region.
But public safety has been eroding, with a sharp rise in some violent crimes reported last year.