US President Donald Trump on Monday pleaded with Venezuela's military to support opposition leader Juan Guaidó and issued a dire warning if they continue to stand with President Nicolás Maduro's government.
"You will find no safe harbour, no easy exit and no way out. You will lose everything," Trump said in a speech at Florida International University in Miami before large US and Venezuelan flags.
Trump added: "We seek a peaceful transition of power, but all options are open."
The Venezuelan military could play a decisive role in the stalemate but has largely remained loyal to Maduro.
In remarks broadcast on state television, Maduro accused the US president of speaking in an "almost Nazi style" and lashed out at Trump for thinking he can deliver orders to Venezuela's military.
"Who is the commander of the Armed Forces, Donald Trump from Miami?" Maduro said. "They think they're the owners of the country."
'New day for Latin American'
Trump said "a new day is coming in Latin America," as he sought to rally support among the largest Venezuelan community in the US for Guaidó. The United States recognises him as the country's rightful president and condemns Maduro's government and its socialist policies.
As the months-long political crisis stretched on, the military has blocked the US from moving tons of humanitarian aid airlifted in recent days to the Colombian border with Venezuela. The aid shipments have been meant in part to dramatize the hyperinflation and shortages of food and medicine that are gripping Venezuela. Trump said of Maduro, "He would rather see his people starve than give them aid."
Critics say Maduro's re-election last year was fraudulent, making his second term illegal.
Venezuela's power struggle is headed to a potentially violent showdown Saturday, when Guaidó will try to run caravans of US humanitarian aid across the Venezuelan border from Colombia. Maduro denies a humanitarian crisis exists, blaming the Trump administration for mounting a coup against him.
Exodus, or struggle
More than two million Venezuelans have fled the country in the last two years, most flooding across the border into Colombia, Brazil and Peru. Those left behind struggle to afford scarce supplies of food and medicine as inflation soars.
Maduro maintains support from Russia, China and Turkey, while Guaidó has won recognition from dozens of world leaders in Latin America and Europe, who are demanding that Maduro holds new elections or steps down.
So far, Maduro isn't budging. In a recent interview with The Associated Press, Maduro said Venezuela is ready to make an economic rebound once Trump removes his "infected hand" from the country that sits atop the world's largest petroleum reserves.
Trump urged the Venezuelan military to accept Guaidó's offer of amnesty and refrain from violence against those opposing Maduro's government. And he praised the Venezuelan opposition, saying of the people of Venezuela, "They are turning the page on dictatorship and there will be no going back."
White House Press Secretary Sarah Sanders said earlier Monday that the US "knows where military officials and their families have money hidden throughout the world."
South Florida is home to more than 100,000 Venezuelans and Venezuelan-Americans, the largest concentration in the country. Speaking in the presidential battleground state, Trump also sought to draw a contrast with the policies of progressive Democrats, which he brands as "socialist," as he gears up for re-election.
Trump said that "socialism has so completely ravaged" Venezuela "that even the world's largest reserves of oil are not enough to keep the lights on." He added: "This will never happen to us."
"Socialism promises prosperity, but it delivers poverty," he said.
Trump was introduced by First Lady Melania Trump and joined by Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross, Florida Governor Ron DeSantis and Florida Senators Marco Rubio and Rick Scott, who have all been outspoken in their criticism of Maduro's government. Trump also spoke of the socialist governments in Cuba and Nicaragua, which have large expatriate communities in the Miami area.
"Socialism is dying and liberty, prosperity and democracy are being reborn" throughout the hemisphere, Trump said, expressing hope that soon, "This will become the first free hemisphere in all of human history."
In Cuba, the foreign minister, Bruno Rodriguez, tweeted that he considered "offensive" Trump's speech and that it "confirms the threat of military aggression against Venezuela." He added, "Humanitarian aid is a pretext for a war."
'Let your people go'
Shortly after Trump ended his speech, he tweeted, "I ask every member of the Maduro regime: End this nightmare of poverty, hunger and death. LET YOUR PEOPLE GO. Set your country free! Now is the time for all Venezuelan Patriots to act together, as one united people. Nothing could be better for the future of Venezuela!"
Guaidó addressed the crowd in a pre-recorded video released by the White House and thanked Trump and the state of Florida for their support.
"Now there is a debate between the democracy and dictatorship — one between life and death," Guaidó said in Spanish. "Today this fight is existential."
Trump said the US is "profoundly grateful" to dissidents and exiles who have protested and raised alarms about the actions of the Maduro government. But his administration has also come under criticism for not doing enough to grant asylum to those fleeing the country.
"President Trump is two-faced on the Venezuela issue," said Florida Democratic Party Chairwoman Terrie Rizzo. "He talks about fighting the Maduro regime, but his administration keeps deporting and detaining Venezuelans fleeing repression from the Maduro regime."
Trump had been spending the holiday weekend at his private club in West Palm Beach, Florida.