Monday, May 25, 2020

LATIN AMERICA | 28-03-2018 13:47

Shots fired at Lula's campaign bus in Brazil as polarisation escalates

Brazil's jittery presidential campaign entered disturbing new territory Wednesday after Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva's bus convoy was shot at and his main rival branded him a "scoundrel."

Brazil's jittery presidential campaign entered disturbing new territory today after former president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva's bus convoy was shot at and his main rival branded him a "scoundrel."

Lula, who is fighting in the courts to avoid starting a 12-year prison sentence for corruption, was due to address a rally in Curitiba at the culmination of a campaign bus tour through southern Brazil.

The 10-day trip had been previously targeted by opponents throwing stones and eggs at the two-term former president, who despite his legal problems leads polls ahead of the October 7 election. But the shooting incident late Tuesday sharply ramped up tension in the most turbulent leadership contest since Brazil's military dictatorship ended in 1985.

Lula and his Workers' Party (PT) said the shots were fired in an apparent ambush, with two bullets hitting one bus, one bullet hitting another, and the third bus, where Lula was travelling, escaping unscathed. Thankfully, no-one was hurt.

"Our convoy is being targeted by fascist groups," Lula tweeted after bullets allegedly hit two buses. No one was hurt in the incident.

Gleisi Hoffmann, leader of the PT, which Lula founded, said the incident should be investigated as a possible assassination attempt.

"We hope we will have security, that the national and state police, as well as the intelligence services, do their jobs so that we can rally in a peaceful and democratic way," she told AFP.

President Michel Temer expressed "regret" Wednesday and said "we need to reunite Brazilians. We need to pacify the country. This wave of violence, this climate of 'us against them,' cannot continue."

However, Lula's chief rival, far right-wing former Army captain Jair Bolsonaro, arrived in Curitiba for his own rally early Wednesday with a more combative message. He called Lula "a scoundrel" and said "we can't accept elections without Lula being locked up."

Not mentioning the shooting incident, Bolsonaro instead repeated his campaign promise of loosening gun laws to arm citizens against criminals.

"I want a ... police that shoots to kill," he told several hundred cheering supporters outside Curitiba's airport, where he flew in before driving off to another campaign stop.


When Lula left office at the start of 2011, he was Brazil's most popular president on record, having presided over a commodities-fuelled economic boom and winning plaudits for his social policies. However, he also inspires passionate opposition and is blamed by the right and many in the centre for Brazil's slide into the mammoth "Car Wash" (Lava Jato) corruption scandal that has shaken the country over the last four years.

Although dozens of other top politicians, including Temer, have also been charged or convicted, right-wing opponents see Lula as the graft scandal's biggest culprit. On the left, Lula is seen as the victim of politicised judges.

Illustrating the ugly pre-election atmosphere, center-right presidential candidate and São Paulo state governor Geraldo Alckmin initially reacted to reports of shots fired against Lula's buses by saying the leftists were "reaping what they sowed," Folha de São Paulo newspaper reported.

On Wednesday, Alckmin rowed back, tweeting that "all forms of violence must be condemned ... the country is tired of division and calls to conflict."

There was clearer condemnation of the incident from the economy minister and possible centre-right presidential candidate Henrique Meirelles. He tweeted: "What happened yesterday ... was an attack on freedom of expression of a political leader and was inadmissible in a democracy."

Prison sentence decision

Lula's biggest challenge right now is avoiding jail. On Monday, a court rejected his latest appeal against a 12-year-and-one-month prison sentence for taking a luxury apartment as a bribe.

That leaves him depending on a Supreme Court decision expected on April 4 if he is to remain free, let alone be allowed on the presidential ballot. Even then, he faces another six corruption cases.

Despite the daunting legal situation, Lula is a runaway favorite in opinion polls, with around 35 percent of voter intentions, followed by Bolsonaro with around 17 percent.

A veteran right-wing congressman, Bolsonaro is running as an anti-politician, often taking a leaf out of US President Donald Trump's book.

He has praised torture under Brazil's military dictatorship, insulted gays and even told a fellow politician she wasn't "worth raping." The more extreme Bolsonaro gets, the more it seems he thrills his supporters.

Worst-tempered election

Another right-wing group, the Movement for a Free Brazil, was today planning its own anti-Lula rally in the city, just a short distance from where Lula and his Workers' Party faithful were due to gather.

Despite the daunting legal situation, Lula is a runaway favourite in opinion polls, with around 35 percent of voter intentions, followed by Bolsonaro with around 17 percent.

Analysts say Brazil should brace for the worst-tempered, most unpredictable election since the end of the dictatorship in 1985.

"If the official campaign hasn't even begun and we're already at the stage of throwing eggs and stones, the risk is that the election will get out of control," wrote Eliane Cantanhede, a columnist with the Estado de São Paulo newspaper, before the shooting report.


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