Brazil reopened Wednesday to foreign visitors arriving by plane, hoping to revive its lockdown-devastated tourism industry despite the rapid spread of the new coronavirus in the country.
In a decree published in the government's official gazette, Brazil extended coronavirus-related bans on foreign travellers arriving by land or sea for another 30 days, but said the four-month-old restrictions "will no longer bar the entry of foreigners arriving by air."
The move came even as Brazil registered record numbers of daily infections and deaths, bringing the overall figures past 2.5 million and 90,000, respectively.
Brazil closed its air borders to non-residents on March 30, at a time when the virus was ravaging Europe and Asia and just taking hold in South America.
Now, Brazil is the country with the second-highest number of infections and deaths in the world, after the United States.
The tourism industry has already lost nearly 122 billion reals (US$23.6 billion) because of the pandemic, the National Confederation of Trade in Goods, Services and Tourism (CNC) estimates.
As a whole, Latin America's biggest economy is facing a record contraction of 9.1 percent this year, according to the International Monetary Fund.
Under the measure, Brazil will require foreign visitors staying for 90 days or less to have health insurance covering them in the country before they travel.
Brazil for its part is among the countries whose nationals still face bans on entering the European Union or the United States under coronavirus restrictions.
Coping with Covid-19
The country registered record daily numbers of infections and deaths from the new coronavirus Wednesday, sending its overall death toll surging past 90,000 people.
Brazil, which has been hit harder than any country except the United States in the pandemic, recorded 69,074 new cases and 1,595 new deaths in the past 24 hours, bringing the figures to a total of more than 2.5 million infections and 90,134 people killed since the start of the pandemic, the Health Ministry said.
Technical issues likely contributed to the high daily figures. The Health Ministry had said Tuesday that problems with its online reporting system had delayed figures from São Paulo, Brazil's most populous state and the one with the most cases and deaths. But in recent weeks the numbers of cases and deaths in the country of 212 million people have been stubbornly high even on normal days.
A Health Ministry official put that down to increased testing. "The testing programme in Brazil has expanded a lot in recent weeks. That's an extremely important point," Arnaldo Medeiros, secretary for health vigilance, told a press conference.
Brazil has regularly recorded more than 1,000 deaths a day since early July, and more than 30,000 new cases a day since mid-June.
President Jair Bolsonaro's government has struggled to bring the outbreak under control and faces criticism for its handling of the crisis. The far-right leader has dismissed the virus as a "little flu" and attacked lockdown measures by state and local authorities to contain it, arguing the economic fallout could be worse than the disease.
Even after contracting the virus himself earlier this month, forcing him to work from quarantine at the presidential palace for more than two weeks, Bolsonaro has continued to downplay the severity of the pandemic.
Rather than lockdowns, Bolsonaro is pushing the anti-malaria drug hydroxychloroquine as the way to fight the virus. Like US President Donald Trump, whom he admires, Bolsonaro touts the drug as a remedy for the virus, despite a slate of scientific studies finding it has no effect against Covid-19 and can cause serious side effects.
Bolsonaro is currently on his third health minister of the pandemic, an active-duty Army general with no prior medical experience. The interim minister's two predecessors, both doctors, left after clashing with the president, including over his insistence the Health Ministry recommend hydroxychloroquine against Covid-19.
Meanwhile, most states have begun relaxing their stay-at-home measures, encouraged by the fact the number of infections finally appears to have reached a plateau.
But Brazil's infection curve has flattened at a very high level of daily cases, and experts warn it is still too soon to exit lockdowns in many places.