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ECONOMY | 12-05-2023 16:49

Inflation in Argentina continues to accelerate, surging to 108.8% in April

Argentina consumer prices in April rose 8.4% month on month, 108.8% year-on-year; Peso has lost 13% against the dollar in parallel markets in April.

Inflation in Argentina continued to accelerate more than expected into triple-digit territory in April as a peso sell-off triggered by devaluation fears drove costs ever higher.

Consumer prices in April rose 108.8 percent from a year ago, the highest annual level in three decades and more than economists’ expectations. From a month ago, prices rose 8.4 percent in April, well above economists’ forecasts for a 7.5 percent print, according to government data published Friday afternoon. 

Inflation fears boiled over last month as prices spiked in March, exacerbating a vicious cycle where the peso suffered a sharp 13 percent sell-off in parallel markets. That slump prompted some Argentine savers to withdraw over US$1 billion of dollar deposits, or 6.7 percent of the total, from the banking system. The peso volatility helped to fuel additional price hikes during April. 

Facing a rapidly worsening outlook, officials in Buenos Aires are seeking to renegotiate Argentina’s US$44-billion programme with the International Monetary Fund, hoping to receive more money up front. However, the government isn’t complying with some of the key targets in the programme that are usually a benchmark for the IMF to approve any funds. 

Argentina’s inflation crisis is playing out before presidential elections in October with economists anticipating a steep recession this year due to ever rising prices and a historic drought that’s ruining essential crop exports. The economy is expected to contract 3.1 percent this year, according to the Central Bank’s latest monthly survey. 

President Alberto Fernández, who has already announced that he won’t seek a second term against the current economic backdrop, has resorted to currency controls and price freezes. More recently, he’s had his regulators intimidate investors and analysts in the local market in an unsuccessful bid to cool prices. His ruling coalition hasn’t yet announced a presidential candidate. 


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by Patrick Gillespie, Bloomberg


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