Argentina’s crypto frenzy is putting the energy grid of a small province in Patagonia near a breaking point as miners take advantage of generous electricity subsidies to mint Bitcoin.
Crypto mining is expected to consume close to a quarter of all electricity supply in the Tierra del Fuego Province, which includes the world’s southernmost city Ushuaia, in the next few months until October, according to a report by Argentina’s state-run electricity wholesaler Cammesa.
Local officials warn that crypto mining, together with an already feeble energy infrastructure, is putting their energy grid at the risk of collapse. The province’s energy secretary, Moisés Solórza, told Argentine newspaper Clarín that the province’s main cities including the capital Ushuaia “are at their limit.”
Argentina is among the world’s top 10 countries with the highest adoption of cryptocurrencies, according to specialised website Chainalysis. Buffeted by recurring currency crises and inflation running above 50 percent annually, two-thirds of Argentines who invest in crypto say they do so to protect their savings from diminishing purchasing power, according to a study by Buenos Aires-based Wunderman Thompson.
Crypto-mining firms had flocked to Tierra del Fuego, located closer to Antarctica than the country’s capital Buenos Aires, to take advantage of cheap energy costs and a regulatory environment mostly free of red tape for the industry. They also take advantage of low temperatures that help cool the crypto-mining equipment.
Argentina’s government has subsidised energy consumption for years, at a cost of almost US$11 billion just in 2021, as a political strategy to gather popular support. Yet the increasing cost to the country’s fiscal position has led the administration of President Alberto Fernández to agree to reduce subsidies as part of Argentina’s US$44-billion agreement with the International Monetary Fund.
The IMF agreement, signed last month, also calls on the government to “discourage the use of crypto-currencies with a view to preventing money-laundering, informality and disintermediation.”
by Patrick Gillespie & Ignacio Olivera Doll, Bloomberg