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ECONOMY | 06-02-2020 12:58

China to halve tariffs on $75 Billion US goods

Punitive Chinese duties on American goods that were adopted from September 1 last year will be lowered, in their phase-one trade deal, as Beijing tries to contain a health crisis that threatens to slow domestic growth with repercussions around the world.

China will halve tariffs on some US$75 billion of imports from the United States later this month, reciprocating a US action and likely satisfying part of the interim trade deal.

The cut will be effective from 1:01 pm on February 14 in Beijing, according to a Ministry of Finance statement on Thursday, the same time as when the US will implement reductions in tariffs on Chinese products. 

Punitive Chinese duties on American goods that were adopted from September 1 last year will be lowered, with the rate on some dropping to 5 percent from 10 percent, and the others to 2.5 percent from 5 percent.

Both nations agreed to cut tariffs on each others’ goods as part of the phase-one deal signed last month. 

Even with the world’s two biggest economies pausing their trade war, duties remain on large parts of their bilateral trade with numerous other points of friction in the relationship. 

Coronavirus impact

The ongoing coronavirus that has claimed more than 500 lives in China and sickened thousands is raising concerns that the Asian nation might have to cancel orders if the situation worsens.

China National Offshore Oil told some suppliers it won’t take delivery of liquefied natural gas cargoes it has agreed to, invoking what’s called force majeure to get out of the contracts.

The January 15 deal has a clause that states the US and China will consult “in the event that a natural disaster or other unforeseeable event” delays either from complying. 

Chinese officials are hoping the US will agree to some flexibility on pledges in their phase-one trade deal, people familiar with the situation said, though it is unclear if such a request has been formally raised.

The US is monitoring developments on the virus carefully and will have “a much better idea over the next two weeks,” Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said Thursday on Fox Business Network. 

“Based on current information, I don’t expect there will be any issues in them fulfilling their commitments,” he added.

Bilateral duties

Other retaliatory tariffs China has imposed on US goods will remain, according to the statement. In the meantime, the Asian nation will continue processing applications for tariff exemptions, it stated.

“We don’t see any impact from this tariff cut - the measures are in line with what the US side is doing,” declared Li Qiang, head of Shanghai JC Intelligence Co. 

While China will continue to process waivers on farm product imports, it won’t remove its punitive tariffs if the US maintains its duties, he said.

The yuan extended gains after news of the tariff reduction, with the offshore rate advancing as much as 0.3 percent to 6.9573 per dollar. Soybean futures traded in Chicago rose 0.4 percent. Brent crude futures in London climbed as much as 2.4 percent.

In the deal, China agreed to increase its imports from the US, including agricultural products and services, from 2017 levels by no less than US$200 billion over the next two years. 

China is set to release January trade data on Friday, providing a first glimpse of this year’s imports from the US.

Economists estimate overall trade in January likely contracted due to the Lunar New Year holiday, while the outbreak of the coronavirus casts a cloud over the outlook for the coming months.

After the reduction, retaliatory tariffs on American crude oil will be lowered to 2.5 percent from 5 percent. 

Punitive tariffs on soybeans will go down to 27.5 percent from 30 percent, and to 30 percent from 35 percent for pork, beef, and chicken. 

These rates are higher as these goods were also hit with tariffs in 2018, which will remain in place.

“China hopes that both sides can comply with and implement the agreement to enhance market confidence, promote development of bilateral economic ties and facilitate global economic growth,” according to the statement.

by Bloomberg News

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