The Central Bank is taking steps to tighten its monetary policy and encourage banks to buy local peso assets.
To do so, it raised a repo rate used by banks by three percentage points to 27 percent, and lowered its benchmark Leliq rate by one percentage point to 37 percent, according to a statement late Thursday. The rates had diverged at the start of the coronavirus pandemic as the government sought to mitigate the economic effects of the virus, the central bank said in its statement.
With the country’s borrowing costs above 13 percentage points over US Treasuries on global markets, the country has been printing money to finance its virus stimulus plans. The latest decision aims to lower the cost of absorbing pesos from the economy, also known as sterilisation, the statement added.
“The idea behind this is to create incentives for banks to unwind their holdings in Leliq and instead, invest in Treasury bonds,” said Federico Furiase, director at consulting firm Eco Go. That will allow the government to access pesos locally rather than to have to resort to monetary issuance to finance its deficit in the very short term, he added.
The move also marks the second increase for the repo rate in one week. On October 1, it announced that it was raising repo rates to 24 percent up from 19 percent and creating savings instruments with rates that exceed inflation, in an effort to encourage Argentines to save and invest in pesos.
The Central Bank added that it would be more flexible with companies looking to restructure their foreign debt. On September 15, it said that it required companies with debt maturities larger than US$1 million per month until March 31 to present a restructuring plan.
by Carolina Millan & Ignacio Olivera Doll, Bloomberg