Buenos Aires Times

latin america A route to the sea

Evo Morales pushes for international solution to ocean access

Bolivia's president since 2006 is currently in the Netherlands trying a different approach to the centuries-old conflict between his country and Chile.

Friday 23 March, 2018
Bolivian President Evo Morales speaks to the media after a hearing at the International Court of Justice in The Hague, Netherlands on Tuesday.
Bolivian President Evo Morales speaks to the media after a hearing at the International Court of Justice in The Hague, Netherlands on Tuesday. Foto:AP Photo/Mike Corder

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Bolivian President Evo Morales said Tuesday he is prepared to discuss options with neighbouring Chile for gaining access to the Pacific, but said powerful forces in Chile do not want talks.

"At the moment, some people representing the Chilean oligarchies" don't want negotiations, Morales said Tuesday in an interview with The Associated Press.

He spoke after lawyers for land-locked Bolivia presented arguments for a second day at the International Court of Justice in the latest attempt to solve a decades-long dispute over granting the country access to the sea.

Bolivia lost its only seacoast to Chile during a war from 1879 to 1883. The nation has demanded ocean access for generations. Chile says the issue was settled once and for all in a 1904 treaty.

Bolivia is now asking the World Court, the United Nations' highest judicial organ, to order Chile to negotiate access.

"If there is will for a dialogue, a will to solve this injury in the region, then we have to start with the dialogue and then we can set rules, times. We can have observers and have a dialogue," Morales said in a hotel near the court's ornate home, the Peace Palace.

"One proposal is a corridor to the Pacific Ocean," Morales said. "That is discussable."

Chile's lawyers will present their case to the court later this week. A final and binding decision by the court is expected to take months.

Morales said that he is keen to end to the dispute that has long strained relations between Bolivia and Chile.

"Two neighboring countries, we can't be in confrontation for the rest of our lives," he said. "We have to solve" this dispute.

On Monday, hundreds of Bolivians followed the beginning of the trial on giant screens set up in public squares. In La Paz, traditional shamans performed an offering to the Andean goddess Pachamama, which in English translates to Mother Earth, at the square in front of the presidential palace.




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